The Natural Edge Project The Natural Advantage of Nations Whole System Design Factor 5 Cents and Sustainability Higher Education and Sustainable Development

"The next 50 years could see a fourfold increase in the size of the global economy and significant reductions in poverty but only if governments act now to avert a growing risk of severe damage to the environment and profound social unrest."
World Bank Report: World Development Report 2003: Sustainable Development in a Dynamic World

The Natural Advantage of Nations (Vol. I): Business Opportunities, Innovation and Governance in the 21st Century


The Editors and Lead Authors of The Natural Advantage of Nations (Vol. 1) were;



Forewords for The Natural Advantage of Nations (Vol. 1) have been written by;

Amory Lovins TNEP The Natural Edge Project The Natural Advantage of Nations

Amory Lovins

Bill McDonough TNEP The Natural Edge Project The Natural Advantage of Nations

Bill McDonough

Michael Fairbanks TNEP The Natural Edge Project The Natural Advantage of Nations

Michael Fairbanks

Alan AtKisson TNEP The Natural Edge Project The Natural Advantage of Nations

Alan AtKisson

Hunter Lovins TNEP The Natural Edge Project The Natural Advantage of Nations

Hunter Lovins


Co-Authors and Contributors of The Natural Advantage of Nations (Vol. 1) were;

Alan AtKisson TNEP The Natural Edge Project The Natural Advantage of Nations

Alan AtKisson

Alan Pears

Alan Tate

Andrew Smith TNEP The Natural Edge Project The Natural Advantage of Nations

Andrew Smith

Anna MacKenzie

Bruce Paten

Cheryl Desha

Chika Saka

Craig Townsend

Dexter Dunphy

Geoff McAlpine

Gerry Gillespie

Jayarethanam Sinniah Pillai

Jaya Pillai

Jeff Kenworthy

Mike Krockenburger

Paul Weaver

Philip Sutton

Rob McLean

Rob Murray-Leach

Stefan Schaltegger

Stefan Schaltegger

Tobias Hahn

Tricia Caswell

Walter Link

Wayne Wescott

Yolande Strengers



Alan Pears - Adjunct Professor and Senior Lecturer In Environment & Planning

Alan is a senior lecturer at the Faculty of the Constructed Environment in the RMIT School of Social Science Planning. Alan was named on Anzac Day as a recipient of the Centenary Medal, one of nation’s highest honours awarded for achievements or contributions at the time of the centenary of federation, for outstanding service to public policy on climate change and the environment.

Alan is an engineer and educator who has worked in the energy efficiency field for twenty years. He managed Melbourne's Energy Information Centre during the early 1980s, then worked in the Victorian Government's energy department until 1991. During that period, he played a central role in introduction of appliance energy labelling and home insulation regulations.

Since 1991, Alan has been co-director of an environmental consultancy, Sustainable Solutions. He has worked extensively on global warming issues, including co-writing a review of Australia's national greenhouse response strategy, analysing the potential for cost-effective greenhouse emission reduction in a number of industries, and co-writing a workbook for participants in the Greenhouse Challenge program.

Alan is the author of a number of educational resources, including the "Home Greenhouse Saver" for the Victorian EPA and "Global Warming - Cool It!" for Environment Australia, and the educational computer kit "Australian Home Greenhouse Scorecard". Alan is also involved in development of energy efficient products, and helped develop an energy- and water-efficient dishwasher and drink vending machine.

Alan is convenor of the Policy Committee of the Sustainable Energy Industry Council of Australia.


Alan Tate – Director, Cambiar

Walkley-award winner Alan Tate earned a high reputation at the Sydney Morning Herald, reporting on environmental issues. In the early 90's he decided to move to the electronic media and became ABC TV News' environment reporter. He has worked for the 7:30 Report and Lateline as well, covering the major national and international environmental stories of the last decade. He covered the first Earth Summit in Rio and has recently returned from covering the second in New York.

Alan works with companies to better understand how environmental and social changes are affecting their operating context, and to seek opportunities to create competitive advantage and business value by adjusting to those changes. Cambiar operates in the unpredictable territory between non-government organisations’ activism and corporate rationalism. Cambiar acts as a trusted advisor, developing clients’ understanding of environmental and social issues, building their credibility in addressing them, and assisting with positioning to ensure full advantage of their actions.


Anna MacKenzie – Campbell School, ACT

Anna is a co-facilitator of the ACT No Waste by 2010 Professional Development courses for schools, teachers and parents in ACT. She is the National representative for the Australian Association of Environmental Education for the ACT. She has worked in the Department of Education in ACT to reform the Year 9 curricula in ACT in accordance with UNESCO's decade of education in ESD. Her work is seen as National best practise for these year levels and has been turned into a DVD for sale to other states in Australia. She is also a mother of two.

Anna was the lead author and creator of the substantial ACT Department of Education Youth and Family Services: Year 9 Exhibitions Project Kit (Text, Video and CD-ROM). This is part of ACT Education department's response to, and is in line with, UNESCO's Global Challenges program.

Prof. Chris Ryan – Co Director Australian Centre for Science Innovation and Society

Professor Ryan most recent appointment has been as Professor, Foundation Chair in Design and Environmental Studies, RMIT University Melbourne. He has also recently been on secondment as Senior Research Associate, Digital-Eco Innovation Project, Lab3000, RMIT. He has also bee a Visiting Professor, Innovation, Eco-Design and Sustainable Consumption, IIIEE (International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics), Lund University, Sweden. Professor Ryan is a Director, EcoDesign Australia (Strategic Environmental Development: Ecodesign; Environmental Strategy; Product Strategy; Environment and Industry Research and Policy)

Professor Ryan is a Board Member of:-

International Eco-Innovation Lab project Europe (based in the Oresund University, Denmark and Sweden).

International Centre for Innovation, Creativity and Sustainability, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Scientific Advisor, Member Editorial Board, DEMI, the UK on-line database on Design Environment, Materials and Innovation, UK (A National Teaching and Learning Technology Project for UK Universities).

Chair Working Party, Ecodesign and Life-cycle Analysis. Integrated Product Policy Consultative Process, EU Commission, Brussels.

Advisor, United Nations Environment Program, (Division of Industry Technology & Economics) on Sustainable Consumption – Policies and Approaches.

Recent publications include:

  • Eco-efficiency gains from remanufacturing – a case study of photocopier remanufacturing at Fuji Xerox Australia
  • EcoLab – A jump towards sustainability (Part 1)
  • EcoLab – Learning from the information technology revolution (Part two)
  • Industrial ecology and extended producer responsibility
  • UNEP Sustainable consumption – A global status report for WSSD
  • Will industrial ecology give way to service ecology? A critical review of ideas and research on "sustainable (product) service systems"

Dr Colin Butler – B.Med., DTM&H, MSc (epidemiology), PhD ANU NCEPH

Colin is a postdoctoral fellow at the National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, at The Australian National University, Canberra. In 1989, he co-founded a non-government organisation, BODHI, that supports health, education, and environmental projects in India and Tibet. His main research interests concern global environmental change and human health, global income distribution, and the influence of economically dominant populations upon ideology, science, and the health of disadvantaged people. Colin specializes in Health, Ecosystem Health, Population and Poverty Reduction. He is a co-ordinating lead author for the Scenarios Technical Group of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment.

Recent publications:

Dr David Dumaresq – Head of Human Ecology Department, ANU

During his time at the Philosophy Department in the Research School of Social Sciences, David took up organic agriculture and the practical application of sustainable production systems. During the 1980s he had a range of part-time teaching positions in the Human Sciences program at ANU while developing and operating commercial organic farms. In 1987 he took up a part-time lectureship in the Human Sciences Program to teach agro-ecology and sustainable systems. In 1991 he took up a full-time academic position in the Human Ecology Program. He has been program convener since 1992.

Recent publications:

  • Dumaresq, D., & Greene, R. (2001) Soil Structure, Fauna and Phosphorus in Sustainable Cropping Systems. RIRDC 01/130. 44 pp.
  • Derrick, J.W., & Dumaresq, D. (1999) 'Soil chemical properties under organic and conventional management in southern new South Wales' Aust. J. Soil Res., 37, 1047–55.
  • Dumaresq, D., Greene, R., & van Kerkhoff, L. (eds) (1997) Organic Agriculture in Australia. RIRDC 97/14. 220 pp.
  • Dumaresq, D. (1997) 'Industry Profile'. In Dumaresq, D., Greene, R., & van Kerkhoff, L. (eds), Organic Agriculture in Australia. RIRDC 97/14: 1–4.
  • Dumaresq, D., & Greene, R. (1997) 'Review of the Organic Industry', in Dumaresq, D., Greene, R., & van Kerkhoff, L. (eds) Organic Agriculture in Australia. RIRDC 97/14: 95–109.
  • Dumaresq, D., & Greene, R. (1997) From Farmer to Consumer: the Future of Organic Agriculture in Australia. RIRDC 97/13. 40 pp.

Elizabeth Heij, PhD – Sustainability Network Co-ordinator CSIRO

Elizabeth coordinates the sustainability network for CSIRO, producing an informal newsletter every three to four weeks. The network is a “virtual learning community, in practice”, dedicated to the inclusive exchange of ideas and information on sustainability and sustainable development, across science disciplines within CSIRO and across enterprises, professions, disciplines and generations.

Elizabeth is one of the few people weekly over-viewing and communicating the latest in sustainability related research in Australia. Her online magazines cover almost the full gamut of research in sustainability from Australia. She has kindly made all these online magazine newsletters available for the book.

Geoff McAlpine – CSIRO Principal Adviser Environment

Geoff was part of the team to deliver the CSIRO booklet suggesting a general framework and suitable indicators for better environmental management. Geoff also played a leading role in the development of the eight modules of the National Greenhouse Strategy (NGS) that conveyed the breadth of CSIRO’s greenhouse-related research.

Geoff has published many reports for CSIRO over the last decades. For instance, he and Chris Mitchell, now Head of the Australian CRC for Greenhouse Accounting wrote this major overview of CSIRO’s work on the issues and solutions related to the Greenhouse Effect .

Gerard Gillespie – Manager, South East Office, Resource NSW

Gerry’s principal interest is vermiculture. Gerry has had numerous international speaking engagements and was General Manager of the South East Waste Board, 2000, and is currently the President of the Canberra and South East Region Environment Centre. Gerry is a member of the NSW Organics Roundtable – Policy development NSW EPA, and was recently appointed to the Steering Committee for the Asian Network of Organics Recycling (ANOR).

Gerry published booklets on waste reduction for local councils in NSW in the 1980s, and was involved in the development of ACT communities ‘No Waste by 2010’ strategy. Gerry was the founding Manager of Zero Waste New Zealand Trust 1997–99. New Zealand now has more than 30 Zero Waste councils and is the first nation in the world to have adopted a Zero Waste target in its National Strategy.

Hugh Forde – Project Director, Industry Cluster Development Program, Business SA

Hugh is the Cluster Project Director for Business SA and has extensive experience in cluster development and alliance building. Hugh has practiced as a management consultant offering marketing and business development services in South Australia, together with spending 3 years based at the SA Employers Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

Dr Janis Birkeland – Author “Design for Sustainability” Earthscan 2002

Author of Design for Sustainability: A Sourcebook of Integrated, Eco-logical Solutions (London: Earthscan, 2002), Janis has worked in the field of sustainable development for 25 years and has published widely. Recently she played a major role in the establishment of national environmental-education summits at universities. Amongst her many roles she is also a member of the advisory council to the ACT Office for Sustainability.

Janis's most recent publication is Design for Sustainability: A Sourcebook of Integrated Eco-logical Solutions, Earthscan, 2002.

Dr Joe Herbertson – University of Newcastle and Skye Point Innovation

Joe Herbertson is an independent consultant and Director of Skye Point Innovation. He is also an Adjunct Professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of Newcastle. In recent years he has held senior technology positions in BHP, including running the Newcastle Research Laboratories and being General Manager Research of BHP Steel.

Joe has become increasingly committed to addressing the challenges of sustainable development, and the need for innovative responses based on scientific and engineering excellence. He initiated and managed the Sustainable Resource Processing project, with the support of significant resource companies, CSIRO, Universities and government organisations. The project has created a fertile framework for innovation and improving performance, particularly in the resource processing intense areas around Australia, such as Kwinana.

Joe is presently CEO of the new Commonwealth Research Centre for Sustainable Resource Processing.

Dr Mark Diesendorf – Director of Sustainability Centre Pty Ltd

Mark Diesendorf is vice-president of the Australia & New Zealand Society for Ecological Economics and is Adjunct Professor of Sustainability Policy at Murdoch University. From 1996 to 2001 he was Professor of Environmental Science and Foundation Director of the Institute for Sustainable Futures at University of Technology, Sydney. He was co-founder and vice-president of the Sustainable Energy Industries Council of Australia (SEICA), and co-founder and president of the Australasian Wind Energy Association. His main areas of applied research, consulting and teaching are sustainable energy, urban transport and sustainable development in general. He has been working with organisations in China for five years.

Recent publications include:


Prof. Peter Newman – Director Sustainability Policy Unit, WA Premier & Cabinet

Professor Newman has offered to contribute a chapter after reading our proposal. He recently finished a comprehensive government sustainability strategy, covering 42 areas of the WA Government. It is 234 pages long and has produced unbelievable responses from around the world, 17,000 copies being downloaded from the web in the first three days.

Professor Newman normally works at Murdoch University, which 12 years ago founded the Institute for Sustainability and Technology Policy, now the largest such body in Australia, with 70 PhD students, 150 undergraduates, and 100 Masters students, all studying for degrees in sustainable development. Peter developed the State Sustainability Strategy using 53 students as the main human resource; the government had funded one other staff member.

Recent publications include:

  • Sustainability & Cities : Overcoming Automobile Dependence (Island Press, 1999);
  • Cities and Automobile Dependence: An International Sourcebook (Gower, 1989);
  • Winning Back the Cities (Pluto Press, 1992);
  • Moving Melbourne: A Public Transport Strategy for Inner Melbourne (Inner Melbourne Regional Association, 1991);
  • Towards a More Sustainable Canberra: An Assessment of Canberra's Transport, Energy and Land Use (ISTP, Murdoch University, 1991);
  • Housing, Transport and Urban Form (Commonwealth of Australia – National Housing Strategy, 1993).

Roger Burritt – Senior Lecturer, ANU School of Business Information Management

Roger is also the International Coordinator of the Asia Pacific Centre for Environmental Accountability. Roger has a BA (Jt Hons) (Lancaster), MPhil (Oxford), FCPA, CA, CMA, ACIB, and teaches in Management Accounting, Management control systems, and Environmental accounting and reporting. Roger’s research is in the areas of Environmental accounting and reporting in public and private sectors, Environmental cost accounting, Mining and environmental accountability – domestic and international and Management accounting and control.

Roger will be developing material along with Stephan Schaltegger for the book.

Recent publications include:

Dr Sasha Courville – National Centre for Development Studies, ANU

Sasha lectures in the Business and Sustainability Masters-level course titled “Greening Industry” at the ANU. She has a background in environmental labelling in the third world, social indicators and social accountability of companies, and analysis of certification systems that promote socially and environmentally responsible production and consumption. Sasha has a particular focus on the international organic agriculture movement, ethical investment, and trade and environment.

Shaun Mays - B.Sc (Hons), M.Sc, MBA

Shaun Mays retired as the Managing Director of Westpac Financial Services in 2003. Shaun has over a decade of experience in the financial services industry in Australia and internationally. Prior to joining Westpac in 1999, he held senior positions including Chief Investment Officer of Commonwealth Financial Services and Managing Director and Chief Investment Officer of Mercury Asset Management. Shaun is currently a Director of Plan International Australia Limited, a non-executive Director of Babcock & Brown Direct Investment Fund, Director of Investa Properties Limited a Member of the National Environment Education Council, a Member of the Australian Stock Exchange Listing Appeals Committee and Member of the Environment Minister's Round Table. Shaun recently released the Mays Report on Corporate Sustainability – an investor Perspective.

Dr Stephen Dovers – Centre for Resource & Environmental Studies, ANU

With research activities including theoretical and policy dimensions of sustainability, institutional arrangements for resource management, science-policy linkages, and Australian environmental history Steve is a co-author of the upcoming publication Institutional change for sustainable development (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar). Steve is also a member of the Editorial boards of Journal of Environmental Management, Environmental Science and Policy and the Australasian Journal of Environmental Management. In 2001 Steve released the ‘Institutions for sustainability’ Tela paper published by the Australian Conservation Foundation. Available at

Recent publications include:

  • Connor, R. and Dovers, S. (forthcoming). Institutional Change for Sustainable Development. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
  • Dovers, S., Stern, D., and Young, M. (eds) (2003) New Dimensions in Ecological Economics: Integrated Approaches to People and Nature. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
  • Dovers, S., and Wild River. S. (eds). (2003) Managing Australia's Environment. Sydney: The Federation Press.
  • Dovers, S. Edgecombe, R., and Guest, B. (eds) (2002) South Africa's Environmental History: Cases and Comparisons. David Philip Publisher and Ohio University Press.
  • Marsden, S., and Dovers, S. (eds) (2002) Strategic Environmental Assessment in Australasia. Sydney: The Federation Press.
  • Handmer, J., Norton, T., and Dovers, S. (eds) (2001) Ecology, Uncertainty and Policy: Managing Ecosystems for Sustainability. Harlow: Prentice-Hall.
  • Dovers, S. (2001) Institutions for Sustainability. Tela paper 7. Australian Conservation Foundation.
  • Dovers, S. (ed.) (2000) Environmental History and Policy: Still Settling Australia. Oxford University Press.
  • For complete publications list please see

Em. Prof. Valerie Brown, AO – School of Resources, Environment and Society, ANU

Val is currently a visiting fellow in the School of Resource and Environmental Science and the Centre for Resource and Environmental Sciences (jointly) at the Australian National University. As director of the Local Sustainability Project, she is conducting research programs on local government management, the introduction of sustainability into public-health teaching, and whole-of-community decision-making. Val is author of over 200 research papers and 12 books on links between human and environmental issues, and her work can best be summed up as “thinking globally, acting locally”.

Recent publications include:

  • Nicholson, R., Stephenson. P., Brown, Valerie. A. and Mitchell, K. (2002) Common Ground and Common Sense: A Community-based Environmental Health Action Handbook. Department of Health and Ageing, Canberra 220 pp.
  • Brown, Valerie A. Stephenson. P., Nicholson, R., and Smith, J. (2001) Grass Roots and Common Ground: Community-based Environmental Health Action Planning. Department of Health and Aged Care, Canberra 106 pp.
  • Brown, Valerie A., Love, D., Griffiths, R., Powell, J., Murphy, A., and Walsmley, A. (2000) Western Sydney Regional State of the Environment Report 2000. Western Sydney Regional Organisation of Councils, Blacktown, 250 pp.
  • Brown, Valerie A. (1996) Managing for Local Sustainability: Policies, Problem Solving, People and Place. National Office of Local Government, Canberra. 314 pp.
  • Brown, Valerie A., Smith, D.I., Weissman, R., and Handmer, J. (1995) Risks and Opportunities: Managing Environmental Conflict and Change. Earthscan, London. 213 pp.
  • Brown, Valerie A. (1995) Landcare Languages: Talking to Each Other About Living With the Land. National Landcare Program, Department of Primary Industry. Canberra. 215 pp.
  • Brown, Valerie A. (1995) Turning the Tide: Integrated Local Area Management for Australia's Coastal Zone. Department of Environment, Sport and Territories, Canberra, 175 pp. (Second printing).
  • Brown, Valerie A. (1994) Acting Globally: The Environmental Management Needs of Local Government. National Office of Local Government, Canberra. 90 pp.
  • Brown, Valerie A., Orr, L., and Smith, D.I. (1992) Acting Locally: Meeting the Environmental Information Needs of Local Government. Department of the Arts, Sport, the Environment and Territories, Canberra. 95 pp.
  • Group of Experts on Environmental Concerns (V.A. Brown, Australian member) (1991) Sustainable Development. An Imperative for Environmental Protection. Commonwealth Secretariat, London. 136 pp.
  • Brown, Valerie A. (ed.) (1989) A Sustainable Healthy Future: Towards an Ecology of Health. Commission For the Future and Latrobe University, Melbourne. 115 pp.